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What Are Cataracts?

Learn more about cataracts and their symptoms.

What are Cataracts?

Cataracts are common as we age, causing the eye’s natural lens to become “cloudy” and affecting vision. The lens, made up of water and protein, allows light to pass through to the retina for clear images. However, the lens proteins start clumping together with age, scattering light and resulting in blurred vision.

This natural process, known as cataracts, can affect one or both eyes. It typically begins as mild cloudiness and progresses over time, like a windshield gradually becoming dirtier. Cataracts can make vision more nearsighted and may even allow some individuals to read without glasses, a phenomenon called “second sight.”

While cataracts may affect distance vision, advancements in treatments offer hope. Our compassionate and experienced professionals are committed to providing innovative cataract solutions, using cutting-edge technology to restore clear vision and improve patient well-being. Trust us to address your concerns and deliver positive outcomes through our modern approach to care.

Diagram showing what a cataract is and how it affects the eye. What Are Cataracts image 1

Cataract Symptoms

As cataracts develop, they may initially present subtle symptoms that could go unnoticed. However, everyday tasks like reading and driving can become increasingly challenging as they progress. These changes can be so subtle that individuals may believe their vision is still fine, only to realize they may not meet the driver’s license test requirements. While we are not affiliated with the Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV), we can provide insight into potential difficulties you may encounter during your vision test.

It’s important to note that symptoms caused by cataracts can also indicate other severe eye conditions. We recommend scheduling an eye examination to determine the exact cause of your vision problem. Our team is dedicated to delivering exceptional patient care and innovative treatments.

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Who Gets Cataracts?

Although they can be present in children at birth (congenital cataracts), age-related cataracts are more common. They can begin to develop after age 40, but you may not notice the impact on your vision until you are older. Everybody gets cataracts, just like wrinkles and gray hair. While we all have these time-related changes, we are not all affected by them to the same degree.

Other factors that accelerate cataract growth are increased sunlight exposure by spending time outdoors, diabetes, smoking, and eye trauma.

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Visual examination of an elderly man

Facts About Cataracts

To ensure proactive eye health, it’s crucial to have regular eye exams, which is recommended to be annual after age 60, or annually no matter your age if you are diabetic. These exams can detect conditions such as cataracts, glaucoma, and other vision-related issues that may go unnoticed.

If you are experiencing changes in your vision, it is important not to delay addressing your eye health. Please call 949-760-9007 or schedule an eye exam or cataract consultation today to identify the cause and explore your treatment options.

Cataracts

Frequently Asked Questions

Eye with cataract symptoms

Cataracts develop when proteins in the eye’s lens clump together, causing the lens to become less transparent and have cloudy vision. While the exact cause is unclear, factors such as aging, ultraviolet radiation, eye injuries, certain diseases, and some medications can contribute to the development of cataracts.

Currently, no non-surgical treatment for cataracts can cure or reverse the condition. The only effective treatment is cataract surgery, where the cloudy lens is replaced with a clear artificial lens called an intraocular lens (IOL). If you want to learn more about cataract surgery, contact us to schedule a consultation today!

Through this incision, the cataract lens will be delicately fragmented and removed. Your new Intraocular Lens (IOL) will then be inserted through the same incision and carefully positioned. This entire process typically takes only 10-20 minutes, allowing you to return home shortly after. Rest assured, our focus on patient care and utilization of innovative treatments ensures your well-being throughout the procedure.

The decision to have cataract surgery is based on how cataracts impact your daily activities and quality of life. When vision problems cannot be corrected with glasses or contact lenses and affect your ability to drive, read, or see clearly, you may be a candidate for cataract surgery. If you’re concerned about cataracts, contact us to schedule a consultation today!

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